Even if it is not yet a very popular plant, the pleasant smell it generates and the delicate shades of flowers, starting from purple, blue to light pink, can make you want a lavender garden. You do not have to worry about taking care of it because it’s not very pretentious.
Lavender usually blooms from June to September. Growing on long and thin stems, which are easily moved by wind, lavender flowers spread a dizzying aroma. Its green-silver leaves, long and slightly jagged, form a wonderful setting in the garden.
What does lavender cultivation mean?
All lavender varieties require full sun and an alkaline soil, pH 6.5 – 7.5, very well drained. The land on which water balances is not beneficial.
Lavender also does not tolerate competition. If it is densely planted, it will not grow well. The plant also requires good air circulation.
The most popular lavender varieties are:
Lavandula Angustifolia. It reaches a height of 70 cm in the blooming period. It can be planted both in narrow bushes and as a hedge. This kind of lavender works well in a rather cold climate.
Lavandula stoechas (Spanish lavender). It comes from the Mediterranean countries and looks impressive. Her flowers are beautifully fragrant, spreading a pleasant flavor, and have a purple or white hue.
Lavandula dentata (Lavanda french). It spreads a delicate smell, something between lavender and rosemary. It has green-silver leaves and purple flowers.
How to plant the lavender
The easiest method of multiplying lavender is through the butchers, which are harvested in April-May, or wood-cutters that are harvested predominantly between June and August.
Lavender can be grown in spring or autumn. Specialists recommend it to grow in autumn because it allows for the development of the winter bush. To help the plant catch roots, lavender growers recommend removing flowers and freshness. Also, another important factor for propagation is humidity, which should be maintained at about 70-80%.
Soil preparation for cultivation involves several specific procedures, such as plowing, cutting, milling and, optionally, biloning – just like in vegetable growing.
The optimal lavender planting distance is 70-80 cm between the plants and about 1 meter between the rows.
If grown from seed, it is preferable that the sowing be made in spring after the land has thawed and the temperature has been constantly 5 degrees Celsius since the temperature must allow the germination of lavender seeds.
Lavender is a species with moderate drought resistance, during the summer being recommended drip irrigation. From this point of view, lavender can be cultivated in optimal conditions in areas with annual average precipitation between 500-1,000 mm.
Lavender is a plant that does not require special care, being quite resistant to drought. However, in order to allow it to develop properly, it is necessary to trim the floral stems, especially during the blooming period.