Echinacea species originate from wildflowers on the fields in the United States and Canada, but is currently grown in Europe and some Asian areas as well as in North America. The natives use it for multiple diseases, Echinacea being an essential plant of their medicine.
The Echinacea compounds were used as an antibiotic until the appearance of synthetic antibiotics. However, in recent years, Echinacea has regained its popularity, being especially used to treat cold.
Echinacea grows spontaneously, but can be very easily grown as a medicinal plant. It is important to say that Echinacea can easily adapt to certain conditions.
Echinacea is not so demanding in terms of soil quality, but it needs a greasy soil. The manure is excellent for this operation, provided it is scattered and mixed with the soil where the seeds will be planted from autumn.
There are several varieties of Echinacea, but the best for gardens and culture is Echinacea purpurea. Echinacea is most often similar to a purple daisy petal, but there are flowers of various colors that can be used in any garden. Only three varieties are confirmed to have medicinal effects: Echinacea angustifolia, Echinacea pallida and Echinacea purpurea.
Echinacea grows very well next to vegetable seedlings and has the ability to protect them from pests. Sowing can be done by the beginning of May, a plant with a flowering period from the end of August to the first frost. Echinacea grows well in luminous places, in the sun, it needs water, but not excessively, and it often develops vigorously.
Echinacea is a perennial plant similar to daisy, with long or oval flowers up to 15 cm in size, in red shades blooming between the middle and the end of the summer. The stem is resistant and the root is pivotal.
The plant reaches a height of 30 to 60 centimeters. The plant blooms in stages, from the beginning of June until the end of September.
In summer, Echinacea is wet whenever it is needed.
It is desirable to assure a generous space for plant development. The Echinacea seed is placed in nests, leaving a distance of 40-50 centimeters between them. After planting, consistency is ensured for the seeds to germinate quickly.
Echinacea or decorative nests must not be cared for or treated specifically, the plant being very resistant, but it is necessary to remove the weeds that can suffocate the plant. In the growth stage you will need to constantly clean the invaded soil.
In the first year of vegetation, the plant forms a leaf rosette and blooms only in the second year. The flowers are picked year by year with the sickle or scissors. Drying of freshly harvested plants is done naturally in the shade in specially arranged spaces with thin layering. From the dry plants you can make tea or different syrups.